mlpack_perceptron - perceptron


mlpack_perceptron [-m unknown] [-l string] [-n int] [-T string] [-t string] [-V bool] [-o string] [-M unknown] [-h -v]


This program implements a perceptron, which is a single level neural network. The perceptron makes its predictions based on a linear predictor function combining a set of weights with the feature vector. The perceptron learning rule is able to converge, given enough iterations (specified using the ’--max_iterations (-n)’ parameter), if the data supplied is linearly separable. The perceptron is parameterized by a matrix of weight vectors that denote the numerical weights of the neural network.

This program allows loading a perceptron from a model (via the ’--input_model_file (-m)’ parameter) or training a perceptron given training data (via the ’--training_file (-t)’ parameter), or both those things at once. In addition, this program allows classification on a test dataset (via the ’--test_file (-T)’ parameter) and the classification results on the test set may be saved with the ’--output_file (-o)’output parameter. The perceptron model may be saved with the ’--output_model_file (-M)’ output parameter.

The training data given with the ’--training_file (-t)’ option may have class labels as its last dimension (so, if the training data is in CSV format, labels should be the last column). Alternately, the ’--labels_file (-l)’ parameter may be used to specify a separate matrix of labels.

All these options make it easy to train a perceptron, and then re-use that perceptron for later classification. The invocation below trains a perceptron on ’training_data.csv’ with labels ’training_labels.csv’, and saves the model to ’perceptron.bin’.

$ perceptron --training_file training_data.csv --labels_file training_labels.csv --output_model_file perceptron.bin

Then, this model can be re-used for classification on the test data ’test_data.csv’. The example below does precisely that, saving the predicted classes to ’predictions.csv’.

$ perceptron --input_model_file perceptron.bin --test_file test_data.csv --output_file predictions.csv

Note that all of the options may be specified at once: predictions may be calculated right after training a model, and model training can occur even if an existing perceptron model is passed with the ’--input_model_file (-m)’ parameter. However, note that the number of classes and the dimensionality of all data must match. So you cannot pass a perceptron model trained on 2 classes and then re-train with a 4-class dataset. Similarly, attempting classification on a 3-dimensional dataset with a perceptron that has been trained on 8 dimensions will cause an error.


--help (-h) [bool]

Default help info.

--info [string]

Get help on a specific module or option. Default value ’’.

--input_model_file (-m) [unknown]

Input perceptron model. Default value ’’.

--labels_file (-l) [string]

A matrix containing labels for the training set. Default value ’’.

--max_iterations (-n) [int]

The maximum number of iterations the perceptron is to be run Default value 1000.

--test_file (-T) [string]

A matrix containing the test set. Default value ’’.

--training_file (-t) [string]

A matrix containing the training set. Default value ’’.

--verbose (-v) [bool]

Display informational messages and the full list of parameters and timers at the end of execution.

--version (-V) [bool]

Display the version of mlpack.


--output_file (-o) [string]

The matrix in which the predicted labels for the test set will be written. Default value ’’.

--output_model_file (-M) [unknown]

Output for trained perceptron model. Default value ’’.


For further information, including relevant papers, citations, and theory, consult the documentation found at or included with your distribution of mlpack.